University : The Tamil Nadu Dr.M.G.R. Medical University
Announcement : Syllabus
Degree : M.D
Subject : Nuclear Medicine
Nuclear Medicine Syllabus :
1. Basics Sciences & Instrumentation of Nuclear Medicine :
Statistics : (50 hrs)
Population-Sample -kinds of samples -statistical methods-types of measurements or data-frequency distribution-frequency polygon-histogram- Bar graphs- pie diagramscentiles- Mean-Median-Mode-Standard Deviation- Coefficient of variation-percentage error
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Normal or Gaussian distribution- Poisson distribution-Chisquare-standard error of meanconfidence limits- testing hypothesis-null hypothesis-variation & covariation-computer methods of analyzing medical data.
Counting Statistics-Nuclear counting statistics – Probability distribution, parametric and nonparametric statistics.
Mathematics : (50 hrs)
Basic Mathematical concepts for Nuclear Medicine-Calculus- Derivatives or Differential- Differential equations- Integrals- laws of indices- limits- limit conceptcontinuity- evaluation using log tables- compartmental analysis- numbers
Function and Variables- index notation- Logarithms- logarithmic function-Graphs & Equationsexponential equations- Mathematic models of physiologic systems etc.
Computer Applications : (50 hrs)
Computer Applications related to Nuclear Medicine- Introduction to computer- Characteristics of computers-Computer basics- Word processing- data base-analog images-digital image-image processing-picture, volume elements-gray scale & color scale-software-hardware-keyboard skills-hard ware description-software packages- Computer limitations-Storage devices.
Basics on Nuclear Medicine image hard copies- Computer applications with emphasis on digital image acquisition, image analysis, processing and enhancement- tomographic reconstruction display and recording of findings- Fundamental Software processing- Applications and uses of fundamental filters.
Components of Image quality-image sharpness-spatial relationships- optimum image viewing options.
2. Basic Physics & Nuclear Physics :
Basics : Elementary introduction to structure of matter- elementscompounds and mixtures- molecules and atoms-Atomic & Nuclear structures-Atomic models-Periodic table-simple ideas of quantum mechanics- Mass energy equivalence- Fluorescence- Phosphorescence-luminescence-electromagnetic spectrum.
Radioactivity & Interaction of Radiation: Radioactivity-Discovery-Natural & Artificial Radioactivity- Isotopes and nuclides-binding forces between nuclear particles-alpha & beta particlesgamma radiation-mechanisms of radioactive decay-half life
Interaction of electrons, Xray & r-rays with matter- Radiation intensity & exposure- radiation dose- Radiation quality- law of exponential attenuation- half value layer- linear attenuation coefficient
Scattering- photo elective effect- Compton-scattering-pair production-particle interactionstotal attenuation coefficient-relative clinical importance. Basics on Electricity, Magnetism and Electro magnetic induction.
3. Nuclear Medicine Equipments / instrumentation & Techniques including recent advances in technology : (120 hrs)
Electronic instruments – amplifiers – pulse height analyzer – count rate meters –computer interface – gating system –Principles of radiation detection – detectors –Scintillation Cameras –Scanners –Nuclear Reactors – Cyclotron – Radionuclide Generators
Isotope Calibrators – Well Counters – liquid scintillation counters – Whole body counters– Quality control of Nuclear Medicine Equipments –Collimation of detectors – NewerComputer applications in Nuclear Medicine – DICOM Technology – Medical DataCommunications and Computer Networks.
Physics of Nuclear Medicine Equipments andInstruments used – Collimators and collimation techniques – Techniques of all kinds ofradionuclide scan procedures including in-vitro procedures