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Amrita University Syllabus 2020 : Biotechnology Postgraduate Entrance Exam

Organisation : Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham (Amrita University)
Service Name : Biotechnology Postgraduate Entrance Examination 2020 Syllabus
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Amrita PG Entrance Syllabus

Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham (Amrita University), Biotechnology Postgraduate Entrance Examination 2020 Syllabus

Related / Similar Syllabus : IIFT Syllabus 2020

Biotechnology Syllabus


Structure and function of Biomolecules:
Carbohydrates, Lipids, proteins and nucleic acids.

Enzymes and intermediary metabolism:
Classes of enzymes and various kinetic parameters, carbohydrate, lipid, protein and nucleic acid metabolisms, respiration and photosynthesis.

Anatomy and Physiology:
Plant and animal Hormones and vitamins, transport mechanisms, meristems, primary& secondary tissues , primary structure of plant body, secondary growth, mineral nutrition, absorption, water & solute transport, transpiration, photosynthesis, respiration, plant movements, growth& senescence, plant tissue culture, digestive, cardiovascular, nervous, respiratory systems, reproductive systems.

Cells and organelles:
Various types of cells both animal and plant cells, cell organelles, cytoskeletons, cell surface and junctions, cell communication within, between and among cell types.

Mendel and the idea of a gene, chromosomal and molecular basis of inheritance, genetic basis of development, population genetics.

Molecular Biology:
DNA as genetic material, mechanisms and regulation of prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA replication, transcription, translation.

Various types of animal and plant viruses, bacteria, fungi, algae and its economic importance, microbial growth and nutrition.

Defense system:
Non specific and specific defense mechanism against various pathogens adopted by both plants and animals.

Ecology, evolution and biodiversity:
Introduction to ecology and the biosphere, behavioural, population and community ecology, various ecosystems and conservation biology, prokaryotic and eukaryotic biodiversity, mechanisms of evolution.


Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry:
Atoms, molecules, Elements, compounds, mixtures, basic physical quantities & units, atomic number & mass numbers Atomic and molecular masses. Mole concept, Molar mass; percentage composition, empirical and molecular formula (problems), chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry, nature of electro magnetic radiations, electromagnetic spectrum.

Atomic Structure:
Sub atomic particles, Atom models (Thomson’s model, Rutherford’s model, Bohr’s model & quantum model) with merits & demerits, hydrogen spectrum, Zeeman effect, Compton effect & Stark effect, orbits & orbital shapes of s, p, & d orbital, rules for filling electrons in orbital, isoelectronic species, Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principle and Hund’s rule of maximum multiplicity. Dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. Quantum numbers, extra stability of half filled and completely filled orbital with examples.

Classification of Elements:
Historical backgrounds, Developments in periodic table, periodic law and Long form of periodic table s, p, d & f block elements.

Periodicity in Properties:
Periodicity in the properties of elements like –atomic radii, ionic radii, covalent radii, vander walls radii, ionization enthalpy & metallic character, electron gain enthalpy, electro negativity, diagonal relationship.

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure:
Ionic bond, covalent bond, metallic bonds, co-ordinate bonds, hydrogen bonds, bonding in biomolecules with examples, bond parameters, polar character of covalent bond, covalent character of ionic bond, dipole moment, Fajans rules. Valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of covalent molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbital and shapes of some simple molecules. Molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules, inter molecular forces, hydrophilic effect & hydrophobic effect.

Gaseous State:
Gas Laws (Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law) Kinetic theory of gases, Ideal behavior, empirical derivation of gas equation, Ideal gas equation, Deviation from ideal behavior, critical temperature. Ideal gases & real gases, calculation of molecular velocities, Specific heats & molar heats of gases.

Properties of liquids:
General properties of liquids, Boiling point, freezing point, Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension, dielectric constant, refractive index, optical activity.

Solid State Characteristics of solids, molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids, unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, voids, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, imperfections or defects in solids, liquid crystals & its applications, electrical and magnetic properties of solids, polymorphism

Introduction to chemical thermodynamics, systems & surrounding, types of systems, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions & path functions, thermodynamic processes, First law of thermodynamics – internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of ?U and ?H, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of combustion, sublimation, phase transition Introduction of entropy as a state function, free energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, Coupled reactions, ATP & energy rich compounds.


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