Organisation : Maharashtra State Board of Secondary & Higher Secondary Education
Announcement : Std-XII Psychology HSC Syllabus
Unit Sub -Unit
1 1.0 Introduction to Psychology
1.1 Definitions – Wundt, Watson, Morgan & King, Feldman
1.2 Branches of Psychology : Cognitive Psychology, Biological Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Social Psychology, Environmental Psychology, Health Psychology, Clincal and Counselling Psychology, Organisational Psychology, Educational Psychology
1.3 Recent Perspectives of Psychology: Behaviouristic perspective, Psychoanalytic perspective, Cognitive perspective, Biological perspective, Humanistic perspective
1.4 Psychology in Everyday Life
1.5 Psychologists at work : Clinical Psychologists, Counselling Psychologists, Community Psychologists, School Psychologists, Organisational psychologists.
2 2.0 Methods of Psychological Enquiry
2.1 Objectives of Psychological enquiry: Description, Prediction, explanation, control and Application
2.2 Important Methods of data collection: Observational method, experimental method, correlational method, Survey method, Psychological testing, case study and project method.
3 3.0 Foundations of Human Behaviour
3.1 Heredity : Genes and Chromosomes
3.2 Central Nervous System : Brain and Spinal chord
3.3 Endocrine System : Pituitary gland, thyroid gland, adrenal gland, gonads.
3.4 Socio – cultural Factors : Family, Community, faith, gender, caste and disability
3.5 Socialization : Acculturation and Enculturation
4 4.0 Human Development
4.1 Meaning of Development : Life-span perspective on development, Growth, Development, Maturation and Evolution
4.2 Principles of Development
4.3 Factors Influencing Development : Heredity and environment
4.4 Stages of Development : Prenatal stage, infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood and oldage
4.5 Context of Development : Microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem Chronosystem
5 5.0 Attention and Perception
5.1 Distinction between attention and perception
5.2 Attentional Processes : Selective attention, divided attention, span of attention, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
5.3 Principles of perceptual organization : Principle of proximity, principle of similarity, principle of continuity, principle of smallness, principle of symmetry, principle of surroundedness, principle of closure.
5.4 Illusions : Geometric illusions and apparent movement illusions
5.5 Socio-cultural influences on perception : differential familiarity, salience of stimuli, habits of perceptual inference.
6 6.0 Learning
6.1 Nature of learning : Definition and features of learning
6.2 Classical and Operant Conditioning: Pavlov’s experiment on classical conditioning, Skinner’s experiment on operant conditioning
6.3 Observational Learning : Imitation, social learning and modelling
6.4 Learning Styles : Relational style and analytical style
6.5 Learning Disabilities : Symptoms of learning disabilities.
7 7.0 Human Memory
7.1 Nature of Memory : Definitiion, stages of memory
7.2 Memory Systems : Sensory, Shortterm memory and long-term memory
7.3 Measurement of Memory : Recall, recognitiion, re-learning and reconstruction
7.4 Nature and Causes of Forgetting : Ebbinghaus’s curve of forgetting, trace decay, interference, retrieval failure
7.5 Improving Memory : Keyword method, method of loci, chunking, first letter technique, minimising interference
7.6 Eyewitness Memory
8 8.0 Motivation and Emotion
8.1 Nature of motivation : Motivation cycle
8.2 Types of motives : Biological motives and Psychosocial motives
8.3 Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
8.4 Nature of Emotion : Definition and Types of Emotions by Plutchik
8.5 Expression of Emotions : Culture and emotional expression, culture and emotional labelling
8.6 Enhancing Positive Emotions : Personality traits, positive meaning, quality connections, being engaged, faith and positive interpretations.
Unit Sub -Unit
Definitions of intelligence
History of intelligence testing
Distribution of intelligence quotient in population
Types of intelligence tests
Definitions of Personality
Factors influencing personality
Major approaches to the study of Personality
Assessment of personality
3 Stress Management
Nature of Stress
Sources of Stress
Types of Stress
Stress management techniques
Promoting Positive health and well-being
4 Psychological Disorders and Therapies
Concept of abnormality
Classification of psychological disorders
Major Psychological disorders
Types of therapies
Definition of attitude
Change of attitude
6 Social Influence
Nature of Social influence
Dynamics of Social influence
Influence of group on individual behaviour
7 Psychology and Life
Environmental effects on human behaviour
Promoting pro-environmental behaviour
Psychology and Social Concerns
8 Developing Psychological Skills
Effective Psychological Skills
Practicals : (Based on continuous Evaluation)
Practicals of Psychology is classified among three major aspects : Project, Psychological Testing and Case Studies. There will be continuous evaluation of these practicals by the internal examiner who will essentially be the teacher supervising and monitoring the practical work. He will internally evaluate the student for 20 marks and submit it to the examining authority under his hand and signature.
The Nautre of Practicals
The student shall be required to undertake one project which would involve the use of different methods of enquiry and related skills.
B. Psychological Testing
The student shall be required to conduct five Psychological tests related to the topic covered in the course. Psychological testing would involve using standardised Psychological assessment devices in different domains i.e. intelligence, aptitude, personality, stress, anxiety, depression, attitude, prejudice etc.
C. Case Studies
The Student shall be required to prepare one case profile. The case profile will include developmental history of the subject using both qualitative (observation, interview, rating etc.) and quantitative approaches.