All posts from Lecturer Syllabus : Kerala Public Service Commission

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Part I – General Knowledge, Current Affairs & Renaissance in Kerala
Salient Features of Indian Constitution :
Salient features of the Constitution – Preamble- Its significance and its place in the interpretation of the Constitution.
Fundamental Rights – Directive Principles of State Policy – Relation between
Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles – Fundamental Duties.
Executive – Legislature – Judiciary – Both at Union and State Level. – Other
Constitutional Authorities.
Centre-State Relations – Legislative – Administrative and Financial.
Services under the Union and the States.
Emergency Provisions.
Amendment Provisions of the Constitution.

Social Welfare Legislations and Programmes :
Social Service Legislations like Right to Information Act, Prevention of atrocities against
Women & Children, Food Security Act, Environmental Acts etc. and Social Welfare Programmes like Employment Guarantee Programme, Organ and Blood Donation etc.

Towards A New Society
Introduction to English education – various missionary organisations and their functioning- founding of educational institutions, factories.printing press etc.

Efforts To Reform The Society
(A) Socio-Religious reform Movements
SNDP Yogam, Nair Service Society, Yogakshema Sabha, Sadhu Jana Paripalana Sangham, Vaala Samudaya Parishkarani Sabha, Samathwa Samajam, Islam DharmaParipalana Sangham, Prathyaksha Raksha Daiva Sabha, Sahodara Prasthanam etc.

(B) Struggles and Social Revolts
Upper cloth revolts.Channar agitation, Vaikom Sathyagraha, Guruvayoor Sathyagraha, Paliyam Sathyagraha. Kuttamkulam Sathyagraha, Temple Entry Proclamation, Temple Entry Act .Malyalee Memorial, Ezhava Memorial etc. Malabar riots, Civil Disobedience Movement, Abstention movement etc.

Role Of Press In Renaissance
Malayalee, Swadeshabhimani, Vivekodayam, Mithavadi, Swaraj, Malayala Manorama, Bhashaposhini, Mathnubhoomi, Kerala Kaumudi, Samadarsi, Kesari, AIAmeen, Prabhatham, Yukthivadi, etc

Awakening Through Literature
Novel, Drama, Poetry, Purogamana Sahithya Prasthanam, Nataka Prashtanam, Library movement etc

Women And Social Change
Parvathi Nenmenimangalam, Arya Pallam, A V Kuttimalu Amma, Lalitha Prabhu.Akkamma Cheriyan, Anna Chandi, Lalithambika Antharjanam and others

Leaders Of Renaissance
Thycaud Ayya Vaikundar, Sree Narayana Guru, Ayyan Kali.Chattampi Swamikal, Brahmananda Sivayogi, Vagbhadananda, Poikayil Yohannan(Kumara Guru) Dr Palpu, Palakkunnath Abraham Malpan, Mampuram Thangal, Sahodaran Ayyappan, Pandit K P Karuppan, Pampadi John Joseph, Mannathu Padmanabhan, V T Bhattathirippad, Vakkom Abdul Khadar Maulavi, Makthi Thangal, Blessed Elias Kuriakose Chaavra, Barrister G P Pillai, TK Madhavan, Moorkoth Kumaran, C. Krishnan, K P Kesava Menon, Dr.Ayyathan Gopalan, C V Kunjuraman, Kuroor Neelakantan Namboothiripad, Velukkutty Arayan, K P Vellon, P K Chathan Master, K Kelappan, P. Krishna Pillai, A K Gopalan, T R Krishnaswami Iyer, C Kesavan. Swami Ananda Theerthan , M C Joseph, Kuttippuzha Krishnapillai and others Literary Figures Kodungallur Kunhikkuttan Thampuran, KeralaVarma Valiyakoyi Thampuran, Kandathil Varghese Mappila. Kumaran Asan, Vallathol Narayana Menon, Ulloor S Parameswara Iyer, G Sankara Kurup, Changampuzha Krishna Pillai, Chandu Menon, Vaikom Muhammad Basheer. Kesav Dev, Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai, Ponkunnam Varky, S K Pottakkad and others

General Knowledge and Current Affairs
Part II – Environmental Science & Disaster Management Natural resources and associated problems:
(a) Forest resources: Use and overexploitation, deforestation, case studies, Timber extraction, mining, dams and their effects on forests and tribal people.
(b) Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water, floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams – benefits and problems.
(c) Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, case studies.
(d) Food resources: World Food problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity, case studies.
(e) Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non-renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources, case studies.
(f) Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, man included landslides, soil erosion and desertification.

Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources. Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.
Ecosystems: Concept of an ecosystem, Structure and function of an ecosystem, producers, consumers and decomposers. Ecological succession, food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids.

Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the following ecosystem: (a) Forest ecosystem (b) Grassland ecosystem (c) Desert ecosystem (d) Aquatic ecosystems (Ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries) Environmental Pollution: Definition: Causes, effects and control measures of (a) Air pollution (b) Water pollution (c) Oil pollution (d) Marine pollution (e) Noise pollution (f) Thermal pollution (g) Nuclear hazards Solid waste management: Causes, effects and control measures of urban and industrial wastes. Role of an individual in prevention of pollution. Pollution case studies.

Environmental Hazards and Disasters: (a) Meaning of Environmental hazards, Environmental Disasters and Environmental stress.
(b) Concept of Environmental hazards, Environmental stress, Environmental stress and Environmental Disasters.

Types of Environmental hazards and Disasters: (a) Natural hazards and disasters (b) Man induced hazards and Disasters. Causes and Environmental consequences of the flowing natural HAZARDS – Droughts and Floods. Volcanic Eruption, Earthquakes, Landslides, Cyclones, Lightning, Tsunami.

Chemical hazards/disasters: Causes and consequences of release of toxic chemicals, nuclear explosion. Case studies – Minamata tragedy, Bhopal disaster, Chernobyl disaster. Emerging approaches in Disaster Management – Three Stages.

1. Pre-disaster stage (preparedness) : (a) Preparing hazard zonation maps, Predictability / forecasting & warning. (b) Preparing disaster preparedness plan (c) Land use zoning (d) Preparedness through (IEC) Information, Education & Communication.

Pre-disaster stage (mitigation): (a) Disaster resistant house construction (b) Population reduction in vulnerable areas (c) Awareness

2. Emergency Stage (a) Rescue training for search & operation at national & regional level (b) Immediate relief (c) Assessment surveys.

3. Post Disaster stage – rehabilitation: (a) Political administrative aspect (b) Economic aspect (c) Environmental aspect

Part III
Module I : Commerce, E- Commerce and Business Communication Business, trade, industry and Commerce
Joint Stock Company – formation – Management – Company Meetings
Motions and Resolutions
Winding up of Companies
Home trade and Foreign trade
E commerce – meaning and types – E Government E-Government
E-Learning – On-line Publishing, E-books, blogging – C2C E-Commerce (including
E-Auctions) e-payments
Business Communication – concept and type – Business Letters – Government
Correspondence Report writing – Latest Communication Techniques

Module II : Economics and Business Statistics
Economics – Basic terms and concepts
Law of Demand, Law of Supply
Pricing under different market conditions
Statistics – fundamentals
Measures of Central Value
Measures of dispersion
Correlation and regression
Index number

Module III : Accountancy
Accountancy – Fundamentals
Final Accounts – Sole proprietorship
Partnership accounts – admission, retirement, death and dissolution
Accounts of Non-Trading concerns
Accounts from Incomplete records
Depreciation accounting
Consignment accounts
Joint Venture accounts
Joint Stock Company – shares and Debentures, Final accounts
Cost accounting – fundamentals
Methods and techniques of Costing
Computerized Financial Accounting

Module IV : Business Laws and Banking
Law of Contract
Sale of Goods Act
Factories Act
Banking – Banker-customer relationship
Opening and operation of different types of accounts
Negotiable instruments
Loans and advances
Modern banking – Internet banking – mobile banking, tele-banking, electronic fund
transfer etc.
Debit and Credit cards

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