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Advanced Diploma in Clinical Laboratory Science Syllabus : Bharathiar University

University : Bharathiar University
Degree : Advanced Diploma
Subject : Clinical Laboratory Science
Announcement : Syllabus

Website : http://www.b-u.ac.in/Home/Index
Download Syllabus : http://www.syllabus.gen.in/uploads/1118-Clinical-lab.pdf

Clinical Laboratory Science Syllabus :

Human Anatomy & Physiology :
UNIT I :
General Anatomy – Organization of Organisms : Cell-Structure and Function; Tissue: Classification and Function – Human Anatomy: Introduction;

Related : PG Diploma Chartering & Ship Broking Management Syllabus Bharathiar University : www.syllabus.gen.in/1112.html

Position, location and fundamental planes, Clinical terms – General Histology: Definition and meaning – Slide preparation: Fixing: Chemical fixation with formaldehyde or other chemicals;

Processing : Dehydration, clearing, and infiltration; Embedding; Sectioning; Staining; Common laboratory stains.

UNIT II :
Skin and connective tissue : Skin: Definition of Skin; Layers of skin; Types of skin; Functions

The Skeletal system – Classification- bone structure, bone cells, bone marrow, bone growth, ossification, parts of a long bone – Major components

a) Bone- definition, synonym, Composition, Special features & Function, Classification, features of a long bone, Bone marrow;

b) Cartilage-definition; Components and classification -Joints: Definition of Joints; Functions; Classification of Joints based on – Structure and Function.

UNIT III :
The Muscular System : Introduction; muscle tissue types; Skeletal muscles – Brief knowledge of Appendicular muscles & Axial muscles.

The Circulatory System : Basics of circulatory system – The Heart: features; Shape and Size; Position; Layers; Cardiac muscles; Chambers of heart and associated blood vessels; Valves;

Blood supply; vessels related to heart; Functions – Lymphatic system: Introduction; brief overview of lymph nodes

The Respiratory system : Introduction: Cellular respiration; Classification- Anatomy of Larynx; trachea and bronchial tree – Lungs: Anatomical position; relations; lobes; fissures; broncho-pulmonary segments; Pleura: Layers of pleura and Pleural cavities.

UNIT IV :
General Physiology : Introduction – Meaning; Homeostasis; Cell; Body fluid; Transport through cell membrane – Passive Processes; The Principle of Diffusion; Simple diffusion; Facilitated diffusion Osmosis; Active Processes – Active Transport; Transport in Vesicles; The Primary Tissue; Organs and systems.

Blood : Red blood cells: Erythropoiesis; stages; differentiation; Functions; Blood cells count; variations – Hemoglobin: Structure; function; concentration; physiological variation;

Methods of estimation of Hb – White blood cell: Production; function; life span; count; differential count- Platelets: Origin; normal count; morphology; functions;

Coagulation; Coagulants & anti-coagulants – Blood groups: A, B, O system; Blood grouping and typing; Cross-matching; Rh system-Rh factor; Rh in cross matching; Blood transfusion – indication, universal donor and recipient concept; Selection criteria of blood donor; Disorders of white blood cells, Platelets and Clotting.

Gastrointestinal system : Physiological anatomy of GIT; Stomach, and intestine, Absorption of nutrients from digested food; Role of bile in the digestive process.

UNIT V :
Respiratory system : Respiratory system physiology; Introduction; measurements of respiratory rates and volumes; gas laws; gas exchange; oxygen and carbon dioxide transport in the blood.

Nerve muscle Physiology : Resting membrane potential; Action Potential – Physiology of nerves and neuromuscular junction Neuro muscular transmission – Overview of muscular system: Muscle Physiology; Muscle fiber; Muscle contraction; the sliding filament model of muscle contraction – Involuntary muscles: Cardiac and smooth muscles.

Cardiovascular and lymphatic system : Introduction; Cardiac muscle; the cardiac conducting system – The electrocardiogram : ECG and applied physiology – Cardiac output – Blood pressure : Control, fluid volume and blood pressure – Coronary circulation and applied physiology – Introduction to the lymphatic system: lymph, lymphatic circulation, and functions of lymph.

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