Organisation : Department of Pre University Education
Subject : Inductive Logic
Applicable For : II Year
Announcement : Syllabus
Inductive Logic Syllabus :
Chapter I : Nature Of Induction
A.Differences between deduction and induction. Relation between deduction and induction. B. Kinds of Induction.
Related : II Year Economics Syllabus Pre University Education : www.syllabus.gen.in/1205.html
I. Improper induction :
a. Perfect induction
b. Parity of reasoning c.Colligation of facts
II. Proper Induction :
a. Simple Enumeration–Characteristics, Merits and:- demerits, fallacy of Hasty Generalization
b. Analogy – characteristics of good Analogy, uses of Analogy, fallacy of unsound analogy.
c. Scientific Inductioncharacteristics
Chapter II : Postulates Of Induction / Grounds Of Induction
A.Formal Grounds of Induction I. Law of uniformity of nature.
Kinds of uniformities
a. The uniformity of succession
b.Uniformity of coexistence
c. Uniformity of Equality and Inequality. Origin or Ground of our belief in the uniformity of nature
1. Intuitional theory or a priori theory
2. A posterior theory or empirical theory, fallacy of petitio principii
3. The evolutional theory
II. Law of causation. Material grounds of induction
1.Observation : Characteristics, conditions of observation – fallacies – non observation, mal observation, importance of scientific instruments in observation
2. Experiment : Characteristics – differences between observation and experiment. Advantages of observation over experiment – Advantages of experiment over observation
Chapter III : Concept Of Cause
Popular view of causation – plurality of causes, conjunction of causes, intermixture of effects – Homogeneous, Heterogeneous. Aristotle’s view of cause – material cause, formal cause, efficient cause, final cause J.S. Mill’s view of cause.
Characteristics of causation Scientific view of causation quantitative view of causation – Differences between popular and scientific view of causation, cause and condition. Fallacy of Post – hoc –ergo–propter – hoc.
Chapter IV : J.S.Mill’S Experimental Methods
Introduction – Five experimental methods of J.S.Mill
1. Method of Agreement
2. Method of Difference
3. Joint method of agreement and difference
4. Method of concomitant variation5. Method of residues Evaluation of Mills methods.
Chapter V : Scientific Method And Hypothesis
Scientific method – Nature and characteristics of science, Scientific method – Scientific attitude. Hypothesis – meaning and formation of Hypothesis – characteristics of good hypothesis – verification of hypothesis – proof of hypothesis – crucial instance – crucial experiment – role of hypothesis in scientific investigation.
Chapter VI : Probability
Probability – meaning – grounds of Probability – Probability and induction.
Chapter VII : Scientific Explanation
Meaning – kinds of Scientific Explanation – differences between popular and Scientific Explanation – limits of Scientific Explanation.
Chapter VIII : Material Fallacies
Meaning, nature, kinds
1. Fallacy of argumentum – ad – Hominum
2. Fallacy of argumentum – ad –Baculum
3. Fallacy of argumentum – ad – Vericundium
4. Fallacy of many question
Chapter IX : Indian Logic
Theories of errors –
a. Atmakhyathi vada, Asathkhyathi Vada, Anyathakhyathi Vada, Anirvachaneeyakhyathi Vada
b. Theories of Causation
2. Vaisesika Darshana
5. Bouddha Darshana
6. Charvaka Darshana