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All posts from VHSE Syllabus For Second Year : Vocational Higher Secondary Education

Organisation : State Council of Educational Research and Training
Announcement : Syllabus
Board : Vocational Higher Secondary Education (VHSE)
Year : Second Year
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SCERT Kerala VHSE Syllabus

State Council of Educational Research and Training Kerala VHSE Syllabus for Second Year.

Related / Similar Syllabus :
SCERT K-TET Kerala Teacher Eligibility Test


1 Accounting and Taxation
2 Agri -Business and Farm Services
3 Agriculture – Crop Health Management
4 Agriculture Science and Processing Technology
5 Agro Machinery and Power Engineering
6 Aquaculture
7 Automobile Technology
8 Banking and Insurance Services
9 Basic Nursing and Palliative care
10 Bio Medical Equipment Technology
11 Civil Construction Technology
12 Computer Science and Information Technology
13 Computerised Office Management
14 Cosmetology and Beauty Therapy
15 Crèche and Pre-school Management
16 Customer Relationship Management
17 Dairy Technology
18 Dental Technology
19 ECG & Audiometric Technology
20 Electrical and Electronics Technology
21 Electronics and Communication Technology
22 Fashion and Apparel Designing
23 Food and Restaurant Management
24 Graphic Design and Printing Technology
25 Livestock Management
26 Marine Fisheries & Seafood Processing
27 Marine Technology
28 Marketing and Financial services
29 Medical Laboratory Technology
30 Physical Education
31 Physiotherapy
32 Polymer Technology
33 Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning
34 Textile Technology
35 Travel and Tourism
36 Entrepreneurship Development (Non Vocational)
37 Management (Non-vocational) Courses

Accounting & Taxation

Computerised Accounting

Unit 3.1 : Introduction to Computerised Accounting (10 periods)
Accounting system-need and benefits of Computerized Accounting-transition from Manual Accounting to Computerized Accounting- list of Accounting softwares.

Unit 3.2 : Fundamentals of tally ERP9 (20 periods)
Features of tally- Tally versions -Tally ERP9- requirements for installing tally- steps for installing tally-benefits of tally-tally licensing-gateway of tally/screen components of tally- company creation select and shut -split company data-Alt company-F12 configuration.

Unit 3.3 : Basic Accounting Information in Tally (30 periods)
Menu related to accounts – groups – predefined groups – managing groups – creating groups and sub group – display, alter and delete groups – multiple groups – ledgers – single ledger creation, display, alt and delete – multiple ledger creation, display and alt.

Unit 3.4 : Accounting vouchers in Tally (60 periods)
Voucher types – configuring vouchers-creating vouchers-display, alt, duplicating and cancelling of vouchers-predefined vouchers.

Unit 3.5 : tax Accounting in Tally (60 periods)
Enabling VAT (VAT must be replaced with GST when GST is implemented and incorporated in Tally)-Enabling TDS in tally-Enabling Service Tax in tally.

Unit 3.6 : Cost centres and inventory information (60 periods)
Cost categories and cost centres-create, display, alter and delete cost category-cost centre create, display, alt and delete cost centres-accounts with inventory- stock group- stock category stock item- godown-units of measures.

Unit 3.7 : Orders, invoices and reports (50 periods)
Purchase order- sales order-invoice-cheque printing-trial balance-balance sheet-profit and loss account-day books-bank reconciliation statement.

Unit 3.8 : QuickBooks (50 periods)
Introduction to Quick Books-features of QB-uses of QB-set up company accounts- QB centre -setup taxes- -Set up customer -create new customer-utility button -reports related to customers- Set up suppliers -create a new supplier-utility button-report related to suppliers- chart of accounts working with transaction-reports in QB-customizing reports.


Unit 4.1: Introduction to Taxation (20 periods)
Meaning of Tax – Need for tax – Classification of tax – Meaning of Cess and Surcharge

Unit 4.2 : Income Tax (100 periods)
Meaning of Income Tax-Income Tax Act 1961-Income Tax Rule 1962-basic terms – General charging section – Residential status and scope of Income Tax -Heads of income – exempted incomes under sec10(fully exempted only) – Computation of income under the head salary – Computation of GTI – PAN – Deductions – Computation of total income – Income tax rates computation of tax.

Unit 4.3 : Advance tax, TDS and Tax Returns (100 periods)
Advance tax -TDS – Income Tax assessment – Income Tax returns – E-filing.

Unit 4.4 : Value Added Tax(***vat must be replaced with gst when gst is implemented) (100 periods)
VAT – Basic terms used in KVAT -Input VAT and output VAT – VAT schedules – VAT rates – Presumptive VAT – Compounding of tax – Input tax credit- Computation of VAT – Procedure for e_filing of VAT returns – Liability for registration – Procedure for registration – The CST

Unit 4.5 : Other Indirect Taxes (***this chapter must be replaced with GST when GST is implemented) (20 periods)
Service Tax – Excise Duty – Customs Duty

Agri Business & Farm Services

Agri-Business Enterprises

Unit-1 : Introduction To Agri-Business (10 Periods)
Definition of agri-business, importance, basic concepts, scope of agri-business, entrepreneurial opportunities in agri-business, decision making in Agri-business ,steps in farm planning.

Unit 2 : Major Enterprises (210 Periods)
a) Landscaping (65 Periods)
Importance and scope, basic principles of landscaping, classification of ornamental plants, garden types, garden components, principles of garden design and layout.

b) Commercial nursery (35 Periods)
Basic concepts of commercial nursery, scope, types, establishment of nursery, layout, records, major activities.

c) Protected cultivation practices (70 Periods)
Definition of protected cultivation, importance, types-polyhouse, rain shelter, greenhouse, establishment of protected cultivation structures, agro techniques, emerging trends-Good Agriculture Practices (GAP), organic certification.

d) Post harvest handling and value addition (40 Periods)
Post harvest handling of flowers, improvement of vase life, post harvest handling of fruits, post harvest handling of vegetable, value addition of flowers – flower arrangement, dry flower making, value addition of fruits- preparation of jam/jelly/squash, value addition of vegetables preparation of pickles/sauce

Unit 3 : Other Enterprises (120 Periods)
a) Tissue culture- basic principles, media, equipment, steps, tissue culture techniques of banana
b) Mushroom cultivation
c) Vermicomposting
d) Indoor gardening- suitable plants, care and maintenance
e) Bonsai- basics of bonsai making, styles
f) Apiculture
g) Sericulture
h) Vegetable seedling production
i) Vertical gardening, Aquaponics

Farm Services

Unit 1 : Agri Clinics (140 Periods)
Definition – concept and necessity of agri clinics – objectives of agri clinic – functioning of agri clinic – infrastructure required – procedure of pest and disease diagnosis – diagnosis and management of major pest and diseases of rice, coconut, rubber, pepper, ginger, cassava, banana, tomato, brinjal, chilli, cucurbitaceous vegetables, cowpea, amaranthus, bhindi, cabbage, rose, anthurium, orchid, jasmine – plant protection in polyhouse.

Unit 2 : Agri Input Centres (70 Periods)
Concept and scope of agri input centres – formalities for starting an agri input centre – types of inputs in agriculture – consumable inputs and capital inputs – supply chain management – marketing strategies.

Unit 3 : Farm Machinery And Plant Protection Equipments (80 Periods)
Scope of farm mechanization – farm machineries used for cultivation, harvesting, intercultural operations, harvesting and post harvest operations, plant protection equipments, homestead farming – maintenance of plant protection equipments.

Unit 4 : Farmer Support Services (50 Periods)
Government agencies and major NGOs supporting farmers – important schemes – ICT – enabled support.

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