University : Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham (Amrita University)
Name Of The Exam : AEEE Amrita Engineering Entrance Exam
Announcement : Syllabus
Home Page : https://www.amrita.edu/about
Syllabus : https://www.amrita.edu/admissions/biotech-2017/pg-entrance-syllabus
1. Structure and function of Biomolecules : Carbohydrates, Lipids, proteins and nucleic acids.
Related / Similar Syllabus : Amrita Biotechnology PG Entrance Syllabus 2020
2. Enzymes and intermediary metabolism : Classes of enzymes and various kinetic parameters, carbohydrate, lipid, protein and nucleic acid metabolisms, respiration and photosynthesis.
3. Anatomy and Physiology : Plant and animal Hormones and vitamins, transport mechanisms, meristems, primary& secondary tissues , primary structure of plant body, secondary growth, mineral nutrition, absorption, water & solute transport, transpiration, photosynthesis, respiration, plant movements, growth& senescence, plant tissue culture, digestive, cardiovascular, nervous, respiratory systems, reproductive systems.
4. Cells and organelles : Various types of cells both animal and plant cells, cell organelles, cytoskeletons, cell surface and junctions, cell communication within, between and among cell types.
5. Genetics : Mendel and the idea of a gene, chromosomal and molecular basis of inheritance, genetic basis of development, population genetics.
6. Molecular Biology : DNA as genetic material, mechanisms and regulation of prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA replication, transcription, translation.
7. Microbes : Various types of animal and plant viruses, bacteria, fungi, algae and its economic importance, microbial growth and nutrition.
8. Defense system : Non specific and specific defense mechanism against various pathogens adopted by both plants and animals.
9. Ecology, evolution and biodiversity : Introduction to ecology and the biosphere, behavioural, population and community ecology, various ecosystems and conservation biology, prokaryotic and eukaryotic biodiversity, mechanisms of evolution.
1. Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry : Atoms, molecules, Elements, compounds, mixtures, basic physical quantities & units, atomic number & mass numbers Atomic and molecular masses.
Mole concept, Molar mass; percentage composition, empirical and molecular formula (problems), chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry, nature of electro magnetic radiations, electromagnetic spectrum.
2. Atomic Structure : Sub atomic particles, Atom models (Thomson’s model, Rutherford’s model, Bohr’s model & quantum model) with merits & demerits, hydrogen spectrum, Zeeman effect, Compton effect & Stark effect, orbits & orbital shapes of s, p, & d orbital, rules for filling electrons in orbital, isoelectronic species, Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principle and Hund’s rule of maximum multiplicity.
Dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle. Quantum numbers, extra stability of half filled and completely filled orbital with examples.
3. Classification of Elements : Historical backgrounds, Developments in periodic table, periodic law and Long form of periodic table s, p, d & f block elements.
4. Periodicity in Properties : Periodicity in the properties of elements like –atomic radii, ionic radii, covalent radii, vander walls radii, ionization enthalpy & metallic character, electron gain enthalpy, electro negativity, diagonal relationship.
5. Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure : Ionic bond, covalent bond, metallic bonds, co-ordinate bonds, hydrogen bonds, bonding in biomolecules with examples, bond parameters, polar character of covalent bond, covalent character of ionic bond, dipole moment, Fajans rules.
Valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of covalent molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbital and shapes of some simple molecules.
Molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules, inter molecular forces, hydrophilic effect & hydrophobic effect.
6. Gaseous State : Gas Laws (Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law) Kinetic theory of gases, Ideal behavior, empirical derivation of gas equation, Ideal gas equation, Deviation from ideal behavior, critical temperature.
Ideal gases & real gases, calculation of molecular velocities, Specific heats & molar heats of gases.
7. Properties of liquids : General properties of liquids, Boiling point, freezing point, Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension, dielectric constant, refractive index, optical activity.
8. Solid State : Characteristics of solids, molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids, unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, voids, calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, imperfections or defects in solids, liquid crystals & its applications, electrical and magnetic properties of solids, polymorphism
9. Bioenergetics : Introduction to chemical thermodynamics, systems & surrounding, types of systems, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions & path functions, thermodynamic processes, First law of thermodynamics – internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of ΔU and ΔH, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of combustion, sublimation, phase transition Introduction of entropy as a state function, free energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous process, Coupled reactions, ATP & energy rich compounds.
10. Equilibrium : Types of equilibrium, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium Le Chatelier’s principle; ionic equilibrium –ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, pH.& its measurement, buffer solutions buffer action, biological buffers, Henderson equation for buffers, biological buffers Ionic product, solubility product & its applications, common ion effect, precipitation & condition for precipitation, hydrolytic reactions, types of hydrolysis.
11. Organic Chemistry : Importance of organic chemistry in biology, classification & nomenclature of organic compounds, isomerism in organic molecules with examples, tautomerism (keto-enol, lactam-lactim) functional group-properties & their reactions. Organic reaction mechanism with necessary examples for each mechanism, Reaction intermediates, electron displacement effects & its applications, proximity effects, aromatic compounds, theory of aromaticity, heterocyclic compounds, Poly nuclear hydrocarbons. Configuration, different projection formula, epimers, Muta rotation, anomers, optical isomers & geometrical isomerism, asymmetric synthesis, measurement of angle of rotation, racemic mixture, racemization, resolution, Walden inversion, retention, stereo specific & stereo selective reactions
12. Solutions : Types of solutions, Solvation energy, lattice energy, solubility & factors affecting solubility, molarity, normality, molality, ppm, mass %, vol %, mole fraction, formality, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, dilution factor, types of dilution, molecular interactions in solution, Thermodynamics of solutions, Colligative properties of dilute solutions & application to determine molecular mass, van’t Hoff factor, Diffusion, electrophoresis & types of electrophoresis.
13. Electrochemistry : Oxidation numbers, Redox reactions, redox potential, specific and molar conductivity variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and laws of electrolysis, electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its applications, redox reactions in cells, ionic mobility
14. Chemical Kinetics : Scope of chemical kinetics, reaction stoichiometry, Types of reactions, rate, order & molecularity of reactions, factors affecting the rate of reaction, energy barrier, activation energy, threshold energy, transition state, reaction intermediates.
Catalysis, inhibitors, poisons, Mechanism of catalysis, optimum pH & optimum temperature. Enzyme catalysis with examples, enzyme kinetics Photochemical &thermo chemical reactions, effects on environmental pollution
15. Coordination Compounds : Coordination compounds in living systems, classification of ligands, coordination number, denticity of ligands, bonding & geometry of complexes, optic & magnetic properties,, IUPAC nomenclature, host – guest complexation chemistry, co-ordination polymerization, charge transfer complexes, metal toxicity, EDTA & analytical applications,
16. Chemistry of Biomolecules : Carbohydrates –aldoses and ketoses, Classification of sugars & non sugars, Pyrannose&furannose structure in carbohydrates, glycosidic bond, hemiacetal&hemiketal linkages, chemical tests for reducing sugars Proteins –Classification of amino acids & proteins, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structure, bonding in proteins, denaturation of Proteins, Zwitter ions, isoelectric point, sating out & salting in of proteins, Chemical tests for proteins Nucleic Acids: Purines &pyramidines, nucleosides & nucleotides structural aspects of DNA& RNA, Bonding in Nucleic acids. Biopolymers
17. Radio chemistry : Types of radiations, radio activity, kinetics of radio active decay & problems, half life period, nuclear reaction, biological & medical applications of radioactive isotopes, carbon dating, biological damage caused by radiations, auto radiography, isotopic effect, isotopic labeling, tracer techniques, neutron activation analysis.
18. Analytical Chemistry :
** Basic separation techniques – Filtration, sublimation, Distillation,
** chromatography, Solvent extraction (elementary ideas with examples)
** Spectroscopy: IR, UV-Visible, NMR & Mass (principle & applications)
** Colorimetry : Principle & applications
** Polarimetry: Principle & applications